Travel guide of Jingdezhen
>>Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion
The bead mountain Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion was Jingdezhen's symbol since old times. Constructs summit of in the bead mountain Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion, through several popular and destroyed, today Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion imposing manner is broad, palatial magnificent sight. From the beginning of Ming Dynasty this Chinese style pavilion is the imperial kiln factory representative building, latter transforms Jingdezhen gradually the symbol construction. The Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion in 1990 reconstructed, uses the bright four dark seven structures, in the Chinese style pavilion the collection has large quantities of official porcelain valuable thing and the official kiln historical data, had the indispensable important reference value to the Jingdezhen official kiln research. In the present Chinese style pavilion has exhibited in the tobacco mosaic glaze the red ten thousand vases, Ming legitimate official kiln giant Dragon Cylinder and the bead mountain unearthed Ming Dynasty official kiln are ceramics valuable thing and so on. As the Ming Qingguan kiln ruins, around under the Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion place also is burying the innumerable precious cultural relics. In the Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion the collection has large quantities of official porcelain valuable thing and the official kiln historical data, has the indispensable important reference value to the Jingdezhen official kiln research. Demonstrate the place as the official kiln ruins and the modern official kiln research results, the Capsicum anomalum Chinese style pavilion always is a place which the Chinese and foreign ceramics pays attention. Already became one of Jingdezhen city famous scenic sites.
>>The high Range
The antique chinaware mining area, is located Dongxiang county the high Range village, is apart from the city to govern 49 kilometers. The international general clay mineralogy special-purpose name kleit (KAOLIN) names the place, presently for nation key cultural relic preservation organ. The main historical vestige has the Ming and Qing Dynasties two generation of mining ruins, the elutriate pit, the drainage opening pavilion, the ancient street, the ancient road and so on. The kleit elutriate stays behind after in particular the white tails pile up splendid sight, has the reputation of "the green hill to float white snow", is scenic area which the Jingdezhen most important ceramics culture and the natural ecology unifies.
Far when Southern and Northern Dynasties, here produces the high quality produce porcelain raw material -- kleit. In Yuan, Ming, Qing all previous dynasties historical data writes down, mentions the kleit many times. Ming Dynasty person SongYingxing glutinous rice earth high Liangshan which center records in "the sky kill to produce the thing, Ceramic Torch", namely refers to the mining area GaoLing mountain. In 1712 the French fathers Angteleiher to introduce to the foreign country here porcelain used the raw material, from this time on the high range was well-known the world. Still was retaining Ming Dynasty's Wanli until now in GaoLing village to the Qing Dynasty Yong Zheng time related mining kleit carved stone. The present high range, many has bright, the clear mine pit ruins, as well as an earthen mound earthen mound snow white tail sand-flood, is thickest place amounts to 50 meters. In here, the people not only might inspect the ancient times to excavate and the ceramic wash the porcelain clay the situation, moreover also could appreciate to the green hill sets off the snow white tails the wonderful view. "The high range", has become the world system porcelain raw material the general terminology.
>>Jingdezhen ceramics hall
It is located the urban district lotus society road. GuoMoruo handwriting superscription "the Jingdezhen ceramics hall" six large brush-written Chinese characters to mount in the gate tower. This hall constructs in the Jianguo initial period, the latter scale expands unceasingly, display content cotain of "historical", "new Chinese" and special exhibition hall. Former take the dynasty as a foreword, displays antique chinaware more than 1,000; Latter according to the category exhibition, after ceramic valuable thing more than 1,500 which the display founding of the nation collects. Has the five dynasties the celadon ware, the white enamel; Song Dynasty's blue white enamel; In the Yuan Dynasty blue and white porcelain, the egg white enamel, the glaze are red; Ming Dynasty's blue and white porcelain, five decorative porcelains, fight the color, each kind of color vitreous enamel; Qing Dynasty's dozens of kind of high-quality goods ceramics. The modern various ceramics factory, the ceramic research institute and the ceramic famous expert's work also all has the collection. It is comes the tourist which Jingdezhen goes sightseeing not to be possible the downstream destination. These precious ceramics really had reflected the Jingdezhen historical development entire process, has demonstrated the all previous dynasties Jingdezhen ceramics worker's intelligent wisdom and the great creation. Settles down the appreciation, makes one forget to return.
>>Three gates temples ancient street
It is located the Jiangxi Jingdezhen town center prosperous West Bank, because of commemorates Chu country poet QuYuan to construct official in charge of the three estates the temple, therefore acquires fame, at the same time three gates temples also are one of Jingdezhen Ming and Qing Dynasties time extremely famous ferry spots, was transports the system porcelain raw material and the daily necessity important wharf at that time, therefore, now three gates temples ancient street divides into Ming Jie, the Qing street and the ancient wharf three parts, was the famous historical culture block.
Three gates temples the bright street length is 84.7 meters, the width is 4.5 meters, were in the Ming Dynasty late Jiajing year (1522-1566 year) construct, have the lasted 500 years still to preserve the complete blue brick street in a business area, the road deliver in person the arch, two sides had the draining water open ditch, the entire strip street was inferior to the Qing street preservation integrity, the usual atmosphere quite was also lonely.
Three gates temples Qing street span is 231 meters, the width is 3 meters, the intersection has "three gates ancient grids" approximately the stone sign, the street in a business area with the feldspar strip, blue stone board, the shop becomes, both sides the Qing street for various types store and the residents, once was the Qing Dynasty time extremely lively business trade street, repaired after 1998, was plain discloses this modern breath. The ancient wharf then is builds with the blue stone strip, altogether three layers, by adapt the different water level request, is extremely scientific, also constructs in the ancient wharf a commemorative renowned poet Qu Yuan "the loyal clean marquis temple", namely "official in charge of the three estates the temple", official in charge of the three estates the temple northern side is the Qing street entrance. In three gates temples ancient street also has several preserved completer residentses, mostly constructs for the Ming Dynasty intermediate stage to the Qing Dynasty initial period, has the important historical value, what is most famous is the Ming Dynasty intermediate stage constructs LiuJia road the 3rd housing, from the layout to the decorative carving, all unfolded our country ancient times artisan's intelligence and ability and the exquisite technique.
>>Shoal land ancient kiln ruins
The shoal land kiln is our country Song, the Yuan two generation of each big system porcelain scale biggest, continued the fever to make the time to be longest, the production chinaware finest ancient times kiln yard. The ruins preservation relic is extremely rich, the all previous dynasties ancient kiln opens everywhere700 years system porcelain history has left behind the massive ancient kilns, the ancient workshop vestige to the shoal land, like "bottle gourd kiln", "horse's hoof kiln" and so on, Shoal land ancient kiln site exhibition hall established which in this ruins, had demonstrated each kind of kiln and the chinaware in here unearthed. These historical sites make the shoal land to become our country important cultural relic preservation organ, at the same time, the unearthed historical site also has become the domestic and foreign ceramic archaeology amateur's paradise unceasingly. In 1982, the shoal land antique chinaware kiln ruins are listed as the second batch of nation key cultural relic preservation organ by the State Council.
>>The ancient ceramics the exhibition area
The Jingdezhen ancient ceramics the exhibition area is situated in the west urban district coiled dragon hillock, the area is 83 hectares. The exhibition area is moves the centralism protection ancient times the industry, the folk custom construction successful model, vividly has reappeared 15 and 16 century Jingdezhen's historical style. The exhibition area altogether to divide into ancient kiln workship, the Ming and Qing Dynasties folk construction and the ceramics history museum three parts. Ancient kiln for the ancient ceramic manufacture area, vividly has reappeared Jingdezhen ancient times the ceramic manufacture craft entire process. Here has 6 ancient embrionic room, for precious China ancient times industrial architecture example. Each group of embrionic work place resembles the seal three and the courtyard or the central courtyard, the construction which opens wide to the courtyard in is composed by three and four. Bah in the room, the workers by the traditional manual system porcelain craft operation, the skilled artist and skill let the tourist exclaim. In the factory also has a plain big name -like town kiln. This kiln take the loose firewood as the fuel. Kiln length is 18 meters, goose egg-shaped, the front is big and back is small, rear part masonry and building high approximately 21 meter thin walls smoke chimney. This was the ancient architecture artisan ingeniously stands using the bending-wood center of gravity and the curving outlook builds Liang's result, it may be said consummate in craftsmanship, also was in a our country history of architecture big marvelous sight. The ceramics history museum has exhibited historical relics and so on massive Jingdezhen all previous dynasties antique chinaware high-quality goods. The Ming and Qing Dynasties construct by a series of ancestral temples, the gates, common people residence, street and shop constitution, layout reasonable, style unique, either plain rough, either quiet and tasteful is pleasant.
It is in Jingdezhen city Fuliang county seat. The red tower has hexagonal seven, each surface has two shops to do, in the angle has the corner shop to leave, because the first windows and doors compares Gao Wuping besides second the place, other each has the even place. Each even place supposes 3 gates, each occupy one side, other three does not have the gate. Because wall thickness is big, therefore Tarry forms a long lane, the lane supinely goes against, folds the astringent constitution by the water serrated edge. Has the even slanting footpath. Because the outer wall is red, therefore records the Red tower.
>>The lotus flower pood
It is in the north of Jingdezhen city. Because the full pond is in full bloom the lotus flower but to acquire fame. The pond assumes "Lu" the glyph, all around hills surrounds, the pond raises the willow tree to hang down, center has the pavilion picture Chinese style pavilion, both sides is sinuous, is tours the summer resort. Before Tang Dynasty, the lotus pond calls "the lotus pond", after Tang Taihe, because Yuzhi who daughter of Shangshu Xueyu dies in the pond, buries beside the pood, therefore changes name sinks the jade pond. In Song Dynasty lake constructs the Baoji temple, it is Foyin buddhist priest's Low House, therefore renames the Foyin lake. Song later all previous dynasties in this being equipped with study palace, the Qing Daoguang Dynasty (1,821 - 1,850) will found the Shaowen academy in this. In 1938, here was the New Fourth Army Jingdezhen city office locus, after the founding of the nation, it is wards off for the tour area.
>>The god collection makes the residents
It is in the Jingdezhen town center Xiangji tunnel. It is a preserved complete Ming Dynasty tunnel, it has the Ming Dynasty residents to be many place. Among them the 3 and 11 two dwellings constructed in the bright Cheng Hua six years (in 1470). Floor space is approximately 400 square meters. Structure is rigorous, the needed materials are solid. On the housing planar configuration minute gets out of class, four rooms on either side add the rear apartments, center has the courtyard. The gate all supposes in the side. Hall bright interplanting make monolayer processing, the main room is big and imposing, the crossbeam is generous, the first architrave diameter 0.5 meter, between the Roof beam and square-column room partition still remaining "arranges the bamboo makes" loses the system. The column thick person is difficult to encircle, beam column for camphor wood and so on high quality material manufacture. The column foundation foot plays the part of by the fine stone carving, the component decoration carving is rich and colorful, plain and elegant. It is for nation key cultural relic preservation organ.
It is locate in Jingdezhen city China road. Constructs in the Qing Kangxi Dynasty (1,662 - 1,722), the decoration is gorgeous, splendid. The depth of a house is 66 meters, after have the decorative archway, the stage, the threshing ground, the restaurant, discuss official business the central scroll, the day the temple, about two palaces, three temples and so on. The latter most constructions collapse destroyed, after only saves the main body construction Tianhou palace. Latter recasts the Fujian clubhouse in the after temple (or called three mountains academies), after become the the place of Fujian person sacrificial offering day, also is they traffics the ceramic for sale abroad to gather the center. After the founding of the nation the Tianhou palace passes through the repair, it is still imposing, the bearing still won the same year.